“Mouth of the well of Itza” or Chichen Itza built by the Mayan people was first settled as an agricultural breeding site. The literal meaning, “mouth of the well” connotes a good area of settlement for a tribe to strive and flourish their civilization to its full potential.
It was at the time of florescence, or the Classical Period, the Chichen Itza had a growing importance in the field of religion while evidences today still stands and are clustered into 4.
- Old Chichen – This cluster has Mayan temples but are not open for public viewing.
- The Ossario Group – composed of the cenote of the Xtoloc, Ossario Pyramid, and Xtoloc Temple
- The Central Group – Includes the lovely temple of Akab Dzib, the observatory, and the groups of La Iglesia and Las Monjas
- The Great North Platform – Here houses the Temple of Warriors and the Great Ball Court, and the new wonder of the world, the Kukulkan Pyramid.
This sacred city once served as political and economic power. However, coming to an end of the Classic Period its foundation as a superb civilization succumb to weakness, the Mayan people abandoned its lovely structural buildings and religion, and the cenotes around them. But, latter around the 10th century A.D they returned back to Chichen Itza.
Kukulkan Pyramid which is also known as “El Castillo” in Spanish is a masterpiece of the Mayan people that brings its structure to a harmony of numerical set of steps, magnificent platform, and one piece conversation geometrical designs. A square based pyramid, with a steep central stairway that’s decorated with two serpent feather tail on top with the heads lies at the ground.
This beautiful pyramid’s purpose is basically astronomical, and on March 20 – vernal equinox, and September 21 the autumnal equinox the pyramids main stairway is bathed with sunlight causing an isosceles triangles on a 37 yards long imitating a body of a serpent until it reaches the head. You will see a downward creeping motion of a serpent that’s carved in stone.
Photo Credit : World of New 7 Wonders